Francis Bacon – Philosopher and Scientist

From Today in Science History:

Francis Bacon. Born 22 Jan 1561; died 9 Apr 1626.

English philosopher, whose book Advancement of Learning (1605) was partially responsible for the founding of the scientific Royal Society. The book presented the value of logic and experimentation rather than the prevailing pursuit of mystical analogies between man and the cosmos, or the search for magical powers over natural processes, as in alchemy and the concoction of elixirs and panaceas. Bacon had the conviction that the human mind is fitted for knowledge of nature and must derive it from observation, not from abstract reasoning. He recognized mathematics as an auxiliary to natural science. Thus Bacon proposed the Novum Organum, a “new tool” for the rational mind – inductive reasoning – known as the scientific method.


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