Local and foreign scientists are attending a four-day event in South Sulawesi’s Makassar to celebrate the 150th anniversary of British biogeographer Alfred Russel Wallace’s Letter from Ternate, a work that some believe defines the scientist as a co-discoverer of the Darwinian theory of natural selection.
Starting Wednesday, the International Conference on Alfred Russel Wallace and The Wallacea will discuss scientific and historical perspectives on the Letter from Ternate, which Wallace wrote while on Maluku’s Ternate Island and sent to Charles Darwin in 1858.
He sent the letter attached with his essay On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type, which outlined the mechanics of an evolutionary divergence of species from similar ones due to environmental pressures.
The essay did not deploy but expressed Darwin’s term of “natural selection”, the mechanism by which evolution may take place within a given population of organisms. It reportedly prompted the so-called father of evolution to publish his famous work On the Origin of Species in 1859.
Read the complete article in The Jakarta Post .
(But what does he mean by, “The essay did not deploy...”?)