Adapted from Wikipedia:
Born today, Rudolf Leuckart, (October 7, 1822 – February 6, 1898) was a German zoologist who was born in Halmstedt. After earning his degree from the University of Göttingen, he went on a scientific expedition to the North Sea to study marine invertebrates. He was later a professor of zoology at the University of Giessen (1850) and the University of Leipzig (1869).
Leuckart is remembered for his work in parasitology, particularly research regarding tapeworm and trichinosis. He was the first to prove that Taenia saginata occurs only in cattle, and Taenia solium occurs only in swine. His study of Trichina helped support Rudolf Virchow‘s campaign to create meat inspection laws in Germany.
Leuckart split George Cuvier‘s Radiata into two phylum; Coelenterata and Echinodermata. He is also credited for the classification of Metazoa. His excellent descriptions of morphologic details gave credence to the idea that zoological evolution can be learned through its anatomical changes. Between 1877 and 1892, Leuckart developed a series of scientific wall charts; these charts have been used worldwide as teaching aids. Today the “Rudolf-Leuckart-Medaille” is an annual award for research in parasitology by the Deutschen Gesellschaft für Parasitologie (German Society of Parasitology).
A quote attributed to Rudolf Leckart:
It is not possible for man, as a thinking being, to close his mind to the knowledge that he is ruled by the same power as is the animal world. Like the despised worm he lives in dependence upon external commands, and like the worm he perishes, even when he has shaken the world through the power of his ideas—Rudolf Leuckart
- See the online exhibit, Rudolf Leuckart Wandtafeln, featuring his wall charts.
- See a copy of an obituary here (pdf)
(Wallchart from BibliOdyssey)